Archaeology

Couched in Death: Klinai and Identity in Anatolia and Beyond by Elizabeth P. Baughan

By Elizabeth P. Baughan

In Couched in Death, Elizabeth P. Baughan bargains the 1st finished examine the earliest funeral couches within the historical Mediterranean global. those 6th- and fifth-century BCE klinai from Asia Minor have been encouraged via distinctiveness luxurious furniture built in Archaic Greece for reclining at elite symposia. It used to be in Anatolia, however—in the dynastic cultures of Lydia and Phrygia and their neighbors—that klinai first won prominence no longer as dinner party furnishings yet as burial receptacles. For tombs, wood couches have been changed by way of extra everlasting media lower from bedrock, carved from marble or limestone, or maybe forged in bronze. the wealthy archaeological findings of funerary klinai all through Asia Minor bring up fascinating questions about the social and symbolic meanings of this burial furnishings. Why did Anatolian elites are looking to bury their useless on replicas of Greek furnishings? Do the klinai present in Anatolian tombs symbolize Persian impact after the conquest of Anatolia, as earlier scholarship has suggested?

            Bringing a various physique of understudied and unpublished fabric jointly for the 1st time, Baughan investigates the origins and cultural importance of kline-burial and charts the stylistic improvement and distribution of funerary klinai all through Anatolia. She contends that funeral sofa burials and banqueter representations in funerary artwork helped build hybridized Anatolian-Persian identities in Achaemenid Anatolia, and she or he reassesses the origins of the customized of the reclining dinner party itself, a defining characteristic of historic Mediterranean civilizations. Baughan explores the relationships of Anatolian funeral couches with related traditions in Etruria and Macedonia in addition to their "afterlife" within the glossy period, and her research additionally contains a entire survey of proof for historic klinai mostly, in line with research of greater than 300 klinai representations on Greek vases in addition to archaeological and textual sources.

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