Archaeology

Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American by Cristóbal Gnecco,Carl Langebaek

By Cristóbal Gnecco,Carl Langebaek

The papers during this e-book query the tyranny of typological considering in archaeology via case reviews from numerous South American international locations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, in the end, find out how to create networks that supply meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny may be conquer in the event that they are used from a severe, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: serious as the complacent angle in the direction of their tyranny is changed via a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as ability to arrive substitute and suggestive interpretations yet no longer as final and yes destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to stick with they're quite used as constitutive components of extra advanced and connective materials. The papers incorporated within the publication are diversified in temporal and locational phrases. They conceal from so referred to as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are similar. they've got in universal their shared rejection of validated, naturalized typologies that constrain the way in which archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into popular and predictable conclusions. Their inventive interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious as a result of their organization with colonial political narratives. as a substitute, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological data.

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